Nonpharmacologic treatments are a key component in the management of hypertension (Hypertension) and hyperlipidemia. These treatments include lifestyle modifications such as diet, exercise, weight loss and stress reduction techniques. In addition, other interventions such as biofeedback, acupuncture and herbal remedies can be beneficial. The following will discuss some of the recommended nonpharmacological treatments for each condition.
For hypertension (Hypertension), nonpharmacologic therapies should focus on preventing or reversing modifiable risk factors that contribute to high blood pressure such as obesity and smoking cessation. An overall healthy lifestyle is essential including regular exercise which has been shown to lower systolic blood pressure by up to 5-10 mmHg when done regularly (Whelton et al., 2002). Recommended dietary modifications include limiting salt intake as well reducing saturated fat consumption while increasing fruits, vegetables, nuts and fish intake (Whelton et al., 2002). It is also important to maintain a healthy bodyweight by focusing on longterm sustainable lifestyle changes rather than crash diets or excessive exercising (Celermajer & Jonghe de Kangaroo’s-Jonkers et al., 2018).
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