Neurocognitive Disorders

Neurocognitive disorders, also known as “brain diseases” or “neurodegenerative conditions,” are a group of medical conditions that affect the functioning of the brain. These conditions can range from mild to severe and involve changes in cognition (thinking), behaviour, emotion, and motor skills. They may be caused by genetic or environmental factors such as exposure to toxins or trauma. Neurocognitive disorders can significantly impair an individual’s quality of life and lead to functional disability if they are not properly managed. This article will discuss the most common types of neurocognitive disorders, their symptoms and treatments.

Neurocognitive Disorders

Dementia is one of the most common forms of neurocognitive disorder. It is characterized by an overall decline in cognitive functioning including problems with memory, language processing, judgment, thinking speed and planning ability (Hofmann et al., 2020). Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia; however there are other forms such as vascular dementia due to stroke-related damages in brain tissue (Rosenberg et al., 2017). Treatment for dementia often involves medications like acetylcholinesterase inhibitors which help improve cognitive function (Tariq et al., 2018). Non-pharmaceutical interventions such as cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) have also been shown to be effective in managing symptoms associated with dementia (Baker & Moser Jones, 2019).

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