List the risk factors for cerebrovascular accidents and why?

Cerebrovascular Accidents (CVAs), commonly referred to as strokes, are one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. They occur when there is a disruption in blood flow to or within the brain, resulting in neurologic dysfunction due to cell death or damage. While most CVAs are caused by a blockage of an artery supplying blood to the brain, they can also be caused by bleeding from a ruptured blood vessel that then leads to swelling or compression of brain tissue.

List the risk factors for cerebrovascular accidents and why?

The risk factors for developing CVAs are varied and include age, gender, genetic inheritance, lifestyle habits such as smoking and alcohol consumption, hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes mellitus (high sugar levels in the bloodstream) and hyperlipidemia (elevated cholesterol). All these factors put individuals at increased risk for stroke because they can lead to narrowing or blockage of arteries which supply oxygen-rich blood needed for proper functioning of neural tissues. Additionally obesity—which often accompanies other conditions like hypertension—puts individuals at greater risk for stroke due changes in vascular integrity associated with this condition.

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Age is also an important factor; People over 65 have higher rates of stroke than any other age group (Ginsberg & Goldstein 2017). This is likely related not only their advanced years but also increased likelihood having more comorbidities such as congestive heart failure hypertensive cardiovascular disease because these conditions tend become more common later life .
(Go et al., 2014). Gender too plays role since women tend experience higher rate strokes than men although exact reasons why remain unclear (Go et al., 2014). Other risk factors include family history stroke meaning if parent sibling had one then person may be predisposed towards same outcome (Ginsberg & Goldstein 2017).

Lastly while many CVA cases cannot prevented it still beneficial maintain healthy lifestyle reducing some known risk factors discussed above. That includes engaging regular physical activity avoiding smoking consuming alcohol responsibly maintaining normal body weight keeping cholesterol triglyceride levels down through diet exercise . Eating healthy balanced diet rich fruits vegetables whole grains lean proteins limiting sodium intake essential part overall health strategy reduce chances developing CVA.
< br >< br >References :< br >< br > Go A., Mozaffarian D., Roger V., Benjamin E..(2014). Heart Disease And Stroke Statistics – 2013 Update: A Report From The American Heart Association [Research Report]. Circulation 129(3): e28–e292. Retrieved From https://wwwacademic . oup . com/circ / article – /129/3/e28 /1523477< ; Br > ;< ; Br > ; Ginsberg M., Goldstein L.(2017 ). Clinical Cardiology : Current Practice Guidelines Updated Edition[Ebook]Retrieved From https://books.googleee/ books? id =zV0xDwAAQBAJ&dq= Clinical+Cardiology +Current+Practice+Guidelines&hl=en&sa=X&ved =2ahUKEwjI9dqlud7wAhWYiOAKHbd5ANcQ6AEwAHoECAkQAg

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