Ivan Pavlov’s Theory of Classical Conditioning is a psychological concept developed by the renowned Russian physiologist, Ivan Petrovich Pavlov. It is a type of learning process in which an individual acquires new behaviors or responses to certain stimuli through the repeated application of previously neutral environmental cues. This type of learning occurs when an individual associates an unconditioned stimulus (US) with a conditioned stimulus (CS) and learns to respond in a certain way to the conditioned stimulus. Pavlov’s theory states that any behavior can be learned as long as it follows the four basic principles: acquisition, extinction, spontaneous recovery and generalization.
discuss Ivan Pavlov’s theory of classical conditioning
Acquisition is defined as developing an association between two stimuli or response classes in order to create a new behavior or response. In classical conditioning, something known as “conditioning” takes place; this involves pairing previously neutral stimuli with response-producing stimuli so that they elicit a particular reaction when encountered alone. For example, if you were trying to train your dog not to bark at strangers outside your door, you might pair the sound of stranger’s footsteps with treats every time he does not bark; eventually he will learn not to bark at strangers due to his associations made from repetition and reinforcement.(MILLER & PEARL 2009).
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