Instinct theory is one of the earliest schools of thought in psychology and has been a source of inspiration for many other theories. It suggests that behavior is motivated by innate, genetically-programmed responses or instincts which are triggered by certain environmental stimuli. Instinct theorists believe that there are essential aspects of human nature that are universal to all people regardless of culture or environment. The most well-known proponent of instinct theory was Sigmund Freud, who proposed his psychoanalytic theories based on the idea that unconscious instinctual drives motivate our behavior.
Analyze the major themes on INSTINCT THEORY
The core concept behind instinct theory is that humans have a natural tendency to behave in certain ways without being taught these behaviors consciously. This means that we don’t necessarily need external guidance or reinforcement to act in accordance with our impulses; instead, our behavior can be shaped by an internal set of urges and drives, often called ‘instincts’. For example, Freud suggested the notion of a life instinct (also known as Eros) and death instincts (also known as Thanatos). He argued that these two forces were constantly at work within us and could influence how we interacted with others depending on their intensity level at any given time.
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